WindTapper's Journal - Grassroots Green Energy Projects

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WindTapper's Blog

November 2013

Prospective Experiments For Now

This weekend I should be able to make some preliminary experiments regarding the natural 1/2 volt charge reported between copper and aluminum. My imagination kept rejecting the idea of setting up these half-volt junctions in series because the copper is negative relative to the aluminum, so how could you put 24 of these in series if you have to keep going back and forth between positive and negative?
However, the key is the word "relative". A substance which is naturally positive or negative can be made more so of either, relative to its neighbors. So, you can see one experiment I am eager to try.
Another involves making a homemade diode using baking soda laced water with an aluminum cathode and steel anode, particularly for controlling the direction of flow for charging a battery.
A third experiment will have to wait for warmer weather because it involves changing from having lime inside my furnace exhaust extensions to having either a mixture of baking soda and lime, or making it mostly baking soda. But before I do that, I need to examine the results of the pure lime and moisture experiment to detect how much carbon was captured, at least cursorily. Those results depend on the darkening of the most exposed layer of lime, before I flush all or most of the lime away in order to try out baking soda.
Needless to say, I am reading up on chemical reactions among the bicarbonate of soda, baking soda, and lime reactions to carbon and water, plus ionization to aid in carbon sequestration....
I have ordered aluminum phosphate and silica powder, and acquired two glass bottles to make more-or-less capacitors out of them in the furnace exhaust and/or baking soda bath sometime in the future. They are back-ordered from Sigma Aldrich for February so those latter experiments might have to wait til Spring since the exhaust pipe is outside, lol. In the meantime I can shop for more secure lids w/glass bottles -- heavy glass -- because I read that having ions press on both sides of glass can break the glass....
BTW. The Textbook on Static is MUCH better than the DiRod manual, although so far, the Textbook reprint is woefully defective in the formula department. I will have to look for a copy of the original in libraries to get the entire scoop on the mathematics....

Static Innovation

Check this out.
Generating static to power LED's, & Etc....
And don't say I never told you anything useful, lol.
Meanwhile, I continue to cogitate on capturing electricity flow using static generated by the proximity of naturally negative and positively charged compounds such as teflon, copper, and aluminum. Recently I also ran into a bit of an eye opener on the web, regarding insulators versus conductors....
Let me go find it. I'll be right back, I hope.
and see if you can download it. Knowing what is naturally negative and positive relative to each other is not enough, you see. You cannot generate static if the materials are not insulated from each other, but I think you can generate at least a small voltage -- say 1/2 volt -- by putting copper and aluminum together. How you harvest that 1/2 volt, and how you might put 24 of these in series in order to get 12 volts is a mystery that I have not yet solved...

Cat Time Out

I can't help it. Our cats can be so cute sometimes...

Some Basic Questions

1.  What keeps the charging and draining of battries separate when both operations can occur on the same battery? For example, you can charge your car battery by running your car, then  you can drain its charge by having your lights on, without swapping your battery out. I suppose the main trick is diodes limiting the direction of current flow for each function. Electrons into the negative terminal when charging, and out when draining?
2. If Silicon is negatively charged, then why is glass considered positively charged? Isn't glass made mostly of silicon? Isn't sand mostly silicon? I wonder what side crockery falls onto, therefore?  I am getting this image of having our wind turbines literally rooted in the literal ground, with the anchor surrounded by teflon and sand. The transfer medium for electrons being natural rainfall and perhaps dusty silicon.... Do I need to have separate turbines -- one for negative and one for positive? Or can I somehow use friction to create the positive charge above the ground?
Serendipitous Art Review Time.
Watching some of Charlie Rose last evening I caught a great question from Rose: "Do you ever fail?" His interviewees were designers. They answered that when you get an idea that doesn't pan out, you can stop working on it -- cut it. That is what I did with the conventional magnetism induced electricity generation coupled with wind power around the home. I moved on to static. I guess that one could regulate the amount of voltage produced by widening or narrowing the gap, so to speak.

More Reading

I actually started reading A Text-Book on Static Electricity (1904) last evening. I was referred to the Appendix rather early on, where I found the following quotes:
  • "An electrostatic charge being moved through space produces to a certain extent the effect of a current of electricity flowing along the path of its motion. The extent of this effect depends upon the velocity with which the charge is moved" (p. 150).
  • "v [velocity] = 3 X 10¹º [3 times 10 to the 10th power, the speed of light]. . . . In deriving these ratios it will be noticed that the ratio of the absolute units is the inverse ratio of their dimensions" (p. 151).
Needless to say, I am going to have to cogitate on this a while. However, I believe that learning can be facilitated using speed reading techniques in that one reads faster than one can understand until understanding starts to catch up to the speed one is reading after much practice at the higher rate of speed.
Speed reading is not exactly this simple, however. Much more is involved, for example, repetition being highly prized....
Here is another quote, from the chapter on "Capacity":
  •      "to reduce a capacity in electrostatic units to microfarads, divide by 900,000. This constant is not an exact multiple of 10 because of the difference existing between the electrostatic and electromagnetic systems, which has its origin in the different definitions of a unit quantity. (See Section 13 ["Quantity"].) These relations are discussed more fully in the Appendix" (p. 46).
Oh yeah! Did you see Nova last night? Lightening and sprights! Now there's static electricity! Yee Haw!

Reading These Days

In addition to Your Government Failed You, I am reading A.D. Moore's Electrostatics: exploring, controlling, and using static electricity (2nd Ed.) which includes The Dirod Manual.
Fun times, folks! Between this book, Tesla's tiny tome on "human power" on Kindle, and Electrical Fire: Early Experiments in Static Electricity, reprinted by Lambda Publishing Group of Lawrence Kansas, I suspect I will have enough inspiration to create a wind powered generator of electricity using static charges rather than magnetically induced charges. Although, the line gets a bit blurry between magnetically and electrostatically induced electricity, lol.
Hopefully, I have many hours of experiments ahead of me as well as days of reading and cogitating leading up to understanding. Just in time for the holidays!

Research on Static Electricity

Besides searching online, using Ohio Public Library online searching, reading Wikepedia entries and a brief attempt to get Scribd information, I have been toying with possible set-up designs for using static that I create as a source to charge batteries.
I think that tons of configurations are possible, but I am also striving to create the least expensive sources and storage devices for negative and positive charges. Human hair is listed as one of the most positive substances, meaning that it gives up its electrons quickly and consistantly, causing a positive charge because it lacks extra electrons after giving them up. Rabbit fur, glass, and dry hands are other very positive item listed at Scribd under "static electricity." Dry nylon and wool are also positive but less so.
I ordered some very inexpensive books today and hope that I will be able to start doing some hands-on, preliminary experimentation to get a feel for the gaps required to build up charges, etc., and how far apart two items on the negative and positive scales need to be before electrons will flow between them after they are rubbed together.
I am thinking of using a pile of nylon attached to a spinning shaft powered by the wind. What it should rub against and what to construct capacitors from to build up a charge that can flow into a car battery without unduly stressing connectors -- these are all important considerations I need to test, whether or not I find sources to read about them....

Water, Water, Everywhere

Unlike in the Philipines these days, I chose to work on our hot water tank and pipes yesterday and ended up with water spraying all over myself and our hot water heater's corner of the basement, plus several "hot shots" from various faucets.
We are supposed to drain and flush our hot water tank twice a year, but after that process netted nearly nothing in the way of sediment after the first six months, I waited too long for the third flush of the system.
We have a calcium build-up problem because our water comes from karst country -- limestone, which is mostly calcium. One faucet does not flow much, coming from the water heater. And now, I have been getting lots of calcium out of the heater, I decided to have the low flow hot water faucet suck up bleach, which bled back down into the heater. I am letting it sit for a few hours now because, not only do I need calcium to disolve out of the pipe, but I also must treat the heater because of a water main break a while back that caused mud to enter our system.
It's just another day of housework, therefore, but a ritual that I had put off too long this year. I should have flushed the system sooner after the water turned brown that one day....
Getting a water softener system is one option, but I have heard mixed reviews of that idea. Even the idea of replacing the jammed pipe was nixed by a plumber because the calcium problem will always be there. The previous owners of this house had a mixture of rainwater collection and our area's regular water supply, but that is actually illegal because the two could mix outside the house and "contaminate" other people's water, so I had those two systems disconnected. The rainwater collection pump had died, anyway.
Perhaps one day in the future, we will have enough rain regularly to switch over entirely, lol. Rainwater makes one's hair feel so nice because it is soft water compared to the area system. The problem with rainwater, however, is contamination from birds, other critters, and the Black Walnut, Sycamore, Maple, Cherry, Bartlett Pear, and Oak trees that we have around our house. Black Walnut has a natural herbicide effluent that it spreads by air and by rainwater from all its pores.
So anyway, I had some time to write today while I am waiting to get the water supply back....

Carbon Emission Reduction and Electricity Production

Citing  a report in the online Science Daily from Fernando Galenbeck at the 240th American Chemical Society, I remembered the Ionic Breeze, also, which makes ions in order to clear the air of dust, debris, and CO emissions from cars. Perhaps I could put together a make-shift "catalytic converter," using GalenBeck's silica and aluminum phosphate dusts that also generates electricity. The furnace exhaust could first pass through two pipes, each with their respective dust and other negatively or positively charged materials, before passing over a lime combination in a third pipe.
Thus we would have ionization as well as lime for the Carbon sequestration, while initially setting up a source of electric current if I attach a wire between the two pipes that ends at the two terminals of a slow charge battery.
I am working on the least expensive way to set up this experiment. Initially I thought: "aluminum pipe on one side, brass pipe on the other side," but my money resources are limited. I have styrofoam, wool, and Saran wrap for the negative side, and human hair, wool,  and paper for the positive side. However, I have not yet acquired the silica and aluminum phosphate powders.
Finding a way to attach a wire to make a circuit without letting the exhaust escape in the wrong direction, is another problem I must solve. I suppose the two sides of the wire circuit could come out the ends of the two ionizer pipes, but then it would have to go into the lime pipe, being insulated from its opposite side until it met the final isolating transformer before the battery. Steel screen could work inside the ionizer pipes....

The Bad News

1.  Watching a new program on The Weather Channel (TWC) this evening I learned that global warming might be too far along to stop, largely because most of us did not know about the "Arctic Permafrost Peril."
Alaska has millions of acres of permafrost that could melt, releasing up to "four times the amount of CO2 that has already been released into the atmosphere since the beginning of the industrial age." On top of this, methane is now being released at the thousands of permafrost melt lakes, and "methane is 25 times more damaging to greenhouse gases in our atmosphere than CO2."
You gotta watch this program, folks! TWC repeats its programs, so check your local listings. We need everybody to see this program because we MUST get our acts together to accomplish alternative energy source building before we end up with global meltdown!
2.  For those of us who were bewitched by Ronald Regan's rhetoric back in the day, books by John Perkins such as Hoodwinked (2009) and Confessions of an Economic Hitman (2004) are must reads. So far I have only read up to page 68 in Hoodwinked: An Economic Hit Man Reveals Why the World Fiancial Markets IMPLODED -- and What We Need to Do to Remake Them, and not yet started the second book.
We all (and our attitudes) must change faster than we used to change because technological development is entering a sort of wormhole where time and space accelerate to at least jet speeds. Living in the past, defending past beliefs when presented with new evidence -- these attitudes are quickly becoming archaic dinosaurs of Millenium Three.
"Adapt or die" or, to make this easier to digest: "Live and learn."

Static Electricity Research

I am back, looking for ways to capture electric current from static electricity. The first article I would like to point out to you comes from the online pub Science Daily, from August 26, 2010. At the the 240th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS) Fernando Galenbeck of the University of Campinas, SP, Brazil talked of hygroelectricity, with silica dust providing negatively charged particles within water vapor, while aluminum phosphate provides positively charged particles in like situation. Here's the LINK. 
So, I am sitting here contemplating building some sort of contraption, added onto my furnace exhaust system. Presently, the furnace exhaust blows over a lot of pure lime, but the exhaust contains much moisture. This moisture is a key ingredient in the exhaust's reaction with the lime, converting some portion of the CO and CO2 to H2O2 and Carbon mixed somehow with the lime, or Calcium.
Anyway, I am contemplating having two more pipes for the exhaust to traverse, one with silica dust, the other with aluminum phosphate dust, and see if I can get a spark.
So far I have not found an electricity generator based on the collection of static using Google searches -- at least not easily understandable or buildable -- but I keep on trying because static would take far less weight, far less wire, and far fewer magnets -- all of which add expense to an electricity generator....
Aluminum Phosphate Link to ChemSpider tells many things, including that aluminum phosphate is irritating to skin and eyes. I am starting to look up this chemical to see if it would react negatively with lime. I can't imagine that silica would be a problem, but I will look anyway. Aluminum phosphide is a poison, while aluminum phosphate dissolves in neither water nor acetic acid.  I think it has a +3 valence, if I read the chemical diagram correctly. Questions arise about a link between aluminum phosphate and Alzheimer's Disease, too, but I do not know the answer. I mix our own baking powder, though, due to the aluminum in commercial baking powder, just to remove that question from our environment.
More to follow.... Anyway, I am wondering if I could leave lime (Calcium) in with the aluminum phosphate in the pipe that carries the furnace exhaust. Perhaps not...
Vinyl and PVC are listed as negative leaning when rubbed at with Teflon being most negative.
Glass, human hair, nylon, wool, fur, aluminum, lead, silk, paper, and cotton -- I think -- are decreasingly positive; Amber, wood Brass, Silver, Gold, Platinum, Saran Wrap, Styrofoam, Polyester, Vinyl (PVC), Silicon, and Teflon is the list going increasingly negative. You must check the above link to get these increases and decreases straight. My notes are rather jumbled at present.
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