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WindTapper's Blog

April 2012

Cutting Magnets

Cutting magnets is not as difficult as I had imagined. Of course it helps that we got a workshop set-up when we bought our house. One beautiful vice makes all the difference to this project.

I purchased some cylindrical magnets on sale -- see my "Magnetism Geometries" page for the source -- and am proceeding to cut them in half. Both halves will have north and south pole tips which I will have to whittle down -- I suppose on a grinder -- to give the near knife edged poles that Howard Johnson's 1979 patent requires for his magnetic motor.

These magnets are much taller than I would have liked, but I cannot afford to buy any more magnets at this time, so these will have to suffice for this initial attempt to make Howard Johnson magnets.

One surprise is that the materials -- the filings from these magnets that I am cutting -- are flammable. Who knew? So now my motto is "Just Add Water." I cannot allow the magnets to get hot because that would negate their magnetic properties, so water prevents fire and loss of magnetism. I suppose when I get half-way through this first cut, I will have to put a spacer into the first cut and then turn the two magnets 180 degrees to cut from the other side. 

I am cutting straight across from pole to pole, which I found by putting the two cylinders together. They found their opposites for me. Cutting is not as difficult as I had imagined because the hack saw blade has fine teeth on it. The points of the blade have so far been all that have been in contact with the magnet, so the pull of the magnets on the blade has not made an overwhelmingly large drag. I imagine things will get tougher once I have gotten down where the whole height of the metal blade comes in contact with these two very strong magnets.

I am getting a workout, though. Maybe I will lose some weight in the process, after adding the muscle I will be getting in my arms. I wonder how many days this will take -- just this first stage? I have yet to decide how many HJ magnets I will get from these two, and whether to segment them before grinding, or segment them after grinding?

As near as I can tell, though, if I were to sell HJ magnets, they would be expensive. Economies of scale will have to wait til later, lol....

The aqua color is padding from a roll of camping gear that you roll out to sleep on the ground.

I like to paint the north poles of my magnets with bright red or pink nail polish.

So far I have made it almost half-way through these two cylindrical magnets that are made with a hole in the center.

I think I have to go get another hack-saw blade, though. The first blade is getting dull rather quickly, even though progress is slow due to having to keep the magnets cool at all times.

And then there is the little problem of turning the magnets over to do the other half of the sawing, plus filling the gap that I have already made so that when I clamp them together they won't collapse.

I wonder if rare earth is diatomaceous earth? That might explain why it is flammable. I wonder how you grow diatoms? Hmmmm. Maybe those are in plankton? I will have to do some more research. Oh joy!

One thing is certain. I will be testing these magnets for their HJ potential before making any more cuts after this one has been accomplished. The less work required to produce workable magnets, the cheaper the product will be to manufacture, unless demand for rare earth makes its price soar, knock wood.

Candidates for Deconstruction Experiments

One of my cylindrical magnets suffered damage from one of the many times these magnets have slammed together quickly because I was not concentrating on protecting them from this natural force. Neodymium magnets are very strong, and when brought near each other they exert overwhelming forces, either to rotate and then crash together, or to rotate and be stopped by some intervening material from crashing together. Mostly I situate my hands so they will hold the magnets apart, but after not dealing with the magnets for some period of time I forget to do this at first.

Anyway, one magnet has a deep gouge in its side so that I can see the material inside. The nickel alloy outer plating is missing and I can see, there, that the inside is made up of materials that have been compressed together, rather than simply "stirred" or blended together so that while cutting and grinding them the surfaces will more than likely be less than perfectly smooth, unless I can find some process to counteract the vagaries of the materials contained therein. Add to the inconsistent densities the forces that will be acting on my tools, vice-grips, and the magnets themselves due to magnetic pushes and pulls, and the task of modifying these magnets becomes quite challenging.

I hope to make a series of close-up photos showing my basic research into plumbing the physical depths of my cylinder magnet, both for readers and for myself in order to aid future cutting and grinding operations on these strong neodymium magnets.

I may also sacrifice a couple of my small, carbon-looking bar magnets that are suitable for the "track" magnets, be they stationary or rotating. Those were cheap magnets from Edmund Scientifics company which I might purchase more of.

Currently I an toying with ideas for making a very small HJ magnet motor on top of the second generator wheel that I got from WindStuffNow, but haven't yet assembled. I look forward to finding a way to pair up the two concepts of generating electricity and tapping into the geometrically powerful Howard Johnson arrangement of magnets.

I wish I could ask a physics professional how they would explain the Second Law of Thermodynamics vis a vis the simple event when two magnets are drawn together and both of them move. How do we detect the loss of energy, or rather, the expenditure of energy by the two magnets that have moved? Work was done because the magnets weighed something and they moved some measurable distance, yet neither neodymium magnet sustained a measurable loss of power? The event is also evidenced by the damage that one of the magnets sustained and that damage is permanent, but the damage does not always occur. Certainly neither magnet sustained a loss of power equivalent to the work that occurred during the event of the two magnets slamming together suddenly due to their attraction at a distance?


I had an array of 48 small magnets spread out over my homemade table in order to let them dry after painting the south sides of them with red nail polish. (I had been aiming for the north side to paint, but stuff happens.)  The table I use for magnetic experiments  is a 4 X 8 sheet of plywood painted to resemble a ping-pong table. It straddles two desks of differing heights.

One spot on the table kept flipping over my little magnet so that I could not paint it properly. WTF? Looking underneath I found two old speakers that we haven't used in years that I had used to level the plywood. Oh yeah! Speakers have magnets in them!

I do not believe that the presence of the speakers skewed the results on my past HJ experiments, but I can't be certain. Then my bearing is inside a fan motor that should definitely have magnets in it. It is time to clean house again -- that's for sure.

I wonder how thick the speaker magnets are? So, I am off on another project. I hope I can cut the speaker magnet so that it can be used as an HJ magnet, even if only a tiny one. I also planned to set up an experiment closer to Mylow's configuration but without the aluminum turntable. I think I might be able to get my magnets to "stand" upright like Mylow's by tucking them inside the hamster wheel with their sides attached to a perimeter band of silicon steel.

I know. Eddy currents can form in the band of silicon steel. Eddy currents in Mylow's set-up seem to me to be unlikely to help in the rotation because the stator magnet is too far away from the turntable to have much effect. I also know that the stator magnet can move the flux lines of the rotor magnets, and flux lines cutting through metal is all that is required to create eddy currents. Again, I am assuming that the number of flux lines actually moving through the aluminum is relatively small. I will be testing this hypothesis, too.

Later Note: This A.M. I saw the NOVA TV program about the sun. Magnetism sure works in mysterious ways. So I take back what I said about eddy currents, lol.

The speaker magnets are probably too thin to make HJ magnets from, however, if I cut them in half, then stack all four halves, perhaps the four layers would be thick enough. Most of my magnets are either round as in spherical and cylindrical, or too thin, as in discs, to make HJ magnets from them. It seems a shame to destroy speakers, but we have two boom boxes that come with tape and disc players....

Mylow's Guess

Mylow guesses that his first magnetic motor worked due to eddy currents, at least in the radio interview I gave a link for some entries back, at Free Energy Now, reported by PESWIKI. I think he could be correct in his guess, but I am inclined to view his success differently. If, in fact, there were no shenanigans going on in the video and his testimony, and from my observations of my own experiments, I believe his success depended more on the turntable being almost perfectly balanced on a low resistance bearing plus his slightly off balance arrangement of rotor magnets.

Mylow's turntable was made from aircraft aluminum which likely has good quality control for thickness, making it likely to be well balanced. My experiments gave me revolving of the wheel up until I place the final few rotor magnets to complete the circle, leading me to believe that being off balance is crucial to the rotation. His rearrangement of a few rotor magnets ended up being slightly asymmetrical, and I think that is the key. Of course, the low friction bearing is also necessary.

I will try to replicate his experiment but with a neodymium stator magnet that I will cut down from one that I get from a magnet manufacturer. See my "Magnetism Geometries" page in the left column of this blog for my links to that manufacturer.

The video and experimental magnet motor referred to above has a single circle of rotor magnets and a single stator magnet. Another magnetic motor video has multiple , narrowing circles of rotor magnets and two stator magnets. In this second magnet motor, the application of gravity can be seen as even more evident than in the first.

The stator magnets move up and down in the second. Mylow says they jump up when there is a gap in the rotor magnets -- of which there are two gaps. Ostensibly the stator magnets half jump up due to the south pole magnetism coming from the gap, making a repeating rocking motion since the stator magnets have both north and south poles facing downwards toward the turntable.

I guess that the jumping up of one side then causes the magnet to push harder when it returns to stasis with the rotating magnets. This gravity assist over the face of the flywheel effect -- inertia carrying the turntable past the gaps -- is more evident in the second magnet motor, perhaps because there are more magnets interacting in the second.

If there were no tricks in those videos and motors, then replicating Mylow's accomplishment but with neodymium stator magnets could give a longer lasting turning. Longer than 20 hours is a laudable goal, imho.

My Priorities for Alternative Energy Design Developments

1. I should continue to test my theory about extensions on magnets by continuing to construct a near duplicate of Mylow's magnetic motor, using my extenders. Extenders would potentially be so cost effective that I should go this route first.

I should put a flat surface on top of my hamster wheel that lies on its back. Then I could populate the surface with magnets as Mylow has them. Then I could test my extension theory for the stator magnet.

2. The DirectU2 advertisements that I receive which have new products described sometimes remind me of technologies that I have been forgetting. Today I read about a new ripple-stripping amplifier. I know that amplifiers require 5 volts to operate. Why not build a generator that makes 5 volts and only 5 volts. With this I could control the output, no?

OK. The amps are then what I will have to figure out how to regulate.

3. Once May 15th rolls around and I have set out all my tenderest plants, I can then take down the temporary greenhouse and use the frame for wind turbines, so, my turbine building is scheduled for mid-May. Too bad the winds have kicked up fiercely lately....

HJ Magnet Making Design Project

I am hoping to make HJ magnets for a living in future, but there are a few glitches -- to say the least -- which I am working through.

1. Shapes: Shapes probably will not be exactly as in the 1979 patent. Even though I believe the shapes I will make will be equivalent, I will still have to make a working magnet motor to prove to myself and to my potential customers that the shapes will be sufficient. An additional idea is to add properly shaped metal extenders on the ends of unscathed, uncut, un-re-shaped magnets. These metal extenders should produce magnetic fields equivalent to what Howard Johnson intended in his patent. Testing this hypothesis, for me, is mandatory.

2. Temperature controls: Cutting existing magnets down to the usable shapes involves the problem of overheating the magnets during the process of cutting. I must search for water-cooled grinders and cutters, or have at least a block of ice handy, I guess. I will have to look up top and bottom temperature limits on the "blank" or pre-HJ shaped magnets that I will start with before modifying them.

3. Set-Up: Even diamond cutters have metal mandrels which will produce drag on the operation, especially with neodymium magnets which are super strong. Combinations of non -metal and metallic grippers, vices, movement controllers, etc. will be required.

I can see now that the metal extenders would be the easiest way to go. How to prove them equivalent will be an interesting challenge. What in effect would happen with the metal extenders is that they will continuously receive magnetism from the magnet. Even if the extenders get knocked off the magnet, or replaced by alternatively sized extenders, those events will not diminish the base magnet if it is neodymium.

I should make modifications to magnets and make extenders so that I can then compare the fields of the two sets of magnets, although, if the cut and/or ground  magnets get outside their operating ranges temperature-wise, their fields could be compromised, thus rendering the comparison invalid for purposes of proof of equivalence -- unless I can build magnetic motors from both sets of magnets. Then the potential differences would be rendered moot.

Note: I enjoy these little "talks." It helps me to think. I was considering buying a water-cooled grinder, but now I see that making metal extensions for existing magnets is a far more efficient goal. I can heat up, cut, and grind the extensions to my heart's content. It will not effect the final magnetic field fatally. I suppose there could be differences between metal that has been quickly quenched of its heat and metal that has been allowed to cool slowly, so I will look out for that.

Later Notes: A water-cooled grinder at Lowe's costs $630. I found some dandy diamond whetstones for far less. Grinding by hand would allow slower speeds to keep things cool. On the other hand, I am thinking that getting the tips hot would not always compromise the main part of the magnet. The tips would then re-magnetize due to their proximity to the body of the magnet.... Ah me. So many possibilities, so little time, lol.

And I still need to go through all the links on Mylow's magnet motor at Pes Wiki.

Regarding diamond whetstones and looking at Amazon's free interest for 6 months offer (on orders over $149 with sign-up for their credit card) sounds wonderful. No interest if paid off before 6 months are up. But the tendency would be to forget the nearly 25% interest that GMAC charges after that initial deal is done. I am leery of my ability to remember the 25% interest wallop, so I am not going to invest in those diamond whetstones just yet -- as attractive as they do seem now.

$ Matters

"It takes $ to make $," they say, except in this Internet age, I say. Just look at Facebook, etc. But I am not trying to make a million or a billion bucks -- just enough to get by on through the coming years without having to go homeless, knock wood.

So anyway, I am getting ready to take the plunge into lower finance. Our "friendly hometown" bank is friendly to people other than myself when it comes to loans -- although I haven't checked that source of cash lately. Women have it harder in a lot of ways. After being the bank's customer for 20 years they didn't know me after my husband died. "Rotsa Ruck w/that," I now say to widows looking to get a credit card at their bank.

So, lower finance it is. This means its IRA time. After finding out it was 2005 when business got tax breaks for investing in manufacturing equipment, while doing this year's taxes, I find now that I will have to depreciate any alternative energy investments over 10 years -- amortize, etc. Great. You gotta have a business to do that. You gotta make $ in order to depreciate $, and you gotta spend $ to make it.

It is quite a plunge, but I am worth it. SOMEBODY has to believe in me. It might as well be me.... Let me see now. If I invest the 8% per year in my business, I MUST make a profit -- when? In two years? In three?

Time will tell.... Except I just checked my accounts. I have far less than I thought. Well, I have been in this situation before and figured out how to work my way out of it.... I took a $500 refund once, made a down payment on a land contract house that had two apartments, and remodeled the place over the summer months. We sold it two years later for over twice what we had nominally paid for it... So, there are nearly always possibilities.... Mine have to do now with altering magnets and advertising these magnets for sales purposes....

More HJ and Other "Free Energy" Ideas

Yesterday I decided that I will try to make a business out of making HJ magnets since I can find them nowhere for sale and I have some ideas now on how to make them, plus I need them in order to try to build a working model of the Howard Johnson concept.

Step One and a Half: Continue to search the web for any source of HJ magnets. I am getting ready to read a posting from PESN.COM and will get back to you on that, here.

By the way, I started thinking about names for the serendipitous synergies between HJ magnetic motors and wind power development. "Symbiotic" and "synergistic" seem too close together to put them into the same name, lol, but I will have to consult a good dictionary before I figure out how to combine the two fields officially -- at least web site-wise.

Later Note: OK. Now that I have read the material at the link I gave you above, I have a few thoughts.

1. I had been thinking that Mylow's other video probably showed stator magnets that were magnetized "the wrong way" from Howard Johnson's 1979 patent, and the description at the link does indicate this contrary-wise magnetization. However, Mylow is working from a different HJ experiment.

2. The width of a single stator magnet makes sense because the line of magnets is single, too. The gate theory runs on the two horizontal ends of the rotor and stator magnets, not vertically oriented vortexes in the rotor magnets.

3. Open source! Hooray! That is consistent with Howard Johnson's wishes and designs.

4. I have more thoughts but I forget what they were. I have more reading to do, but I am beginning to like the idea of making a business based on such a narrow task. Specialization is efficient and cost effective.

5. OK. The 1979 patent calls specifically for neodymium rotor magnets. Neodymium -- I have heard -- are "hard" in that their fields do not weaken when like fields are pushed toward each other, also meaning that the permanence of those magnets is more nearly perfect than for any other type of magnet. All magnets will lose their fields if overheated, but non-neodymium magnets cannot be used to show perpetual motion because they are depleted by magnetic "rough-housing."

AND SEE PODCASTS at Free Energy Network site!

Later Notes: After listening to the complete interview linked at the above network I have a Correction. Mylow says his stator magnet was not magnetized in the H.J. configuration. However, Mylow adds that he had his magnet then re-magnetized in the proper direction in his radio interview on Free Energy Now. BTW, Mylow seems to me to have a Chicagoan accent. He also mentions Elk Grove Village, which I will look up some day.

My own idea is to design an electricity generator that can run on wind power and on H.J. magnet power so that I only have to build one design.

In answer to the recent comment, I wonder why Michael Evans cares? Also, my user statistics say I have had  11,312 visitors who viewed 15,071 pages since inception of this site, so the idea that no one reads this is relatively preposterous. I ask, "Why communicate with anyone, Mr. Evans? Why does anyone communicate with anyone, Mr. Evans?"

Morning WebSurfing

At Amazon dot com there are 4 pages of products listed under the search "wind turbines" and I finally got time to go through the list. I produce a list here of some of the interesting possibilities, without listing all the high priced generator sales links. The high priced products give me hope that there are "margins" in this field, meaning that the prices make it possible to develop lower-priced products.

If you go to the Amazon pages, you must scroll all the way down on individual product pages to find all the links that Amazon provides to advertisers whose products Amazon does not carry but are listed there nonetheless.

1. Bornay small wind turbines at lists "40 years experience on small wind turbines...Our best warranty." (I have yet to visit this site.)

2. Briggs & Stratton at Electric Generators Direct.  "5500 Watt Portable Generator...$749.00"

3. Champion "7500-9500 W Generator ... $999.99" (#'s 2 and 3 are some of the least expensive non-toy generators listed at Amazon this morning.)

4.  750 Watt Permanent Magnet Alternator for Wind Turbine Generators ... $409.98

5. Pico Turbine Whirlybird 3-Phase Wind Turbine Kit, by Pico Turbine from RTE Scientific... 99.95. (I assume this one is for educational purposes. It proves that my idea that those attic ventilators that spin automatically are a viable platform for generating electricity.) The bare ventilator sells for $20 at Amazon this morning.

6. Savonius Model Wind Turbine Plus at $64.95 makes only 3 volts and 50 milli Amps which is only a demonstration-sized model, but the kit includes instructions and parts to also build rectifiers, voltage doublers and has more circuit possibilities.

7. DTI Grid-Tie Inverters, 6 kW - 12 kW at (I have not yet visited this site.)

8. Ventamatic LTD at $20.05, mentioned above at #5.

9. Ensupra Grid Tie Inverter 500 W 15 VDC - 60(?) at $249

10. Ensupra Grid Tie Inverter 500 W 1 year full warranty at $199.

11. Grid Craft CD 7.0 12 Volt Wind & Solar Power Hybrid Charge Controller at $124.99. "15 miles per hour wind start-up minimum." (? I do not understand how a controller could be affected by wind speed except through a turbine, but no turbine is mentioned here.)

12. Sunforce 2500 Watt Pure Sine Wave Inverter at $504.7?

13. Gridcraft 400 Watt 12 V and Free Controller at $375.

14. Missouri (Wind and Solar) General, 1600 Watt Wind Turbine, 9 blade, 24 V, Renegade Permanent Magnet Alternator at $698.00  [#4 above?], 59 - 60 1/2 diameter, takes a 1.5 inch #40/#80 pipe. comes with a 1 year Limited Warranty.

15. Cobra CPI 1500 Watt 12 Volt DC to 120 AC Power Inverter at $109.95.

16. 13 Blade Wind Turbine Hub and Rapter Blades for Missouri Wind and Solar, at $249.00.

I have not yet fully investigated any of these products or sites, much less purchased any of these products. If I do so, I will let you know.

Spring as New Year

Sorry but my posting activities seem to slack off this time of year, and I have a new resolution: Five pounds a month for ten months = fifty pounds. If I walk 5 miles three times a week I lose 5 pounds per month.

So, I am off to walk. I spent part of the morning investigating "The Civilization Kit" from on a Data DVD produced 3-2012. I was looking for anything related to Howard Johnson's Magnetic motor. I had seen something involving flexible magnetic sheets but could not remember where I had seen it. This must be the place.

But I am tired of gaining weight and sitting on my butt all the time. It is time to GO!

Free At Last!

I got our taxes done yesterday! Now I have gardening, but soon I will be relatively totally free to work on Howard Johnson's magnetic motor. I am hoping to build a kit to demonstrate that it can work so I can have some income during my husband's retirement some year.

This morning I was futzing around at the computer and put "wind turbine" into the Amazon SEARCH. The computer came back with 50 items. So far I have only looked at a few. The one I chose first had the word "DESKTOP" in its title. It runs on solar energy and turns when you switch it on. It stands 13 inches tall. It is for the wind power enthusiast, I guess, as a kind of advertisement for the enthusiast's desk, I suppose.

These new kinds of items require a special arrangement with Amazon that cost some $40 per month. I suppose that $40 per month is reasonable considering how much rent on a store can cost, but with FAR less foot traffic, lol.

So, anyway, I am off to get our yard whipped into shape for the coming growing season, and to dream of possible designs for H.J. magnet motor kits. I haven't gotten one to work yet, mind you, but I am free to experiment now. More on that later....

Getting Started

Making a new experiment today, I took some measurements. 185 mm circumference, 59 mm diameter, 21.5 mm high (I hope) are the stats for my cedar round base with a hole at the center of it. I divided the circle into 14 segments with a point at the center of each segment where a shim will be placed down the side to hold up two magnets on an angle yet "joined at the hip" in order to "short out" one side of the north pole on each magnet.

I finally decided to use bamboo skewers after searching a couple stores today for flexible tread made from rubber or plastic. Flex-Tread from Granger does not have the ribbing that I need.The magnets, btw, are 4 mm thick X 6 mm wide X 21.5 mm long with the poles on the longest sides.

Several times today I thought, "This is impossible. The magnets do not want to go this way," but I might be able to do it if I superglue them together along their longest edges. I will have to hold them in place -- EACH of the 14 pairs of them -- until the superglue dries, mind you. But the outdoor carpet tape that I put around the perimeter is more flexible than I had feared it would be inflexible. I put the first shim in the wrong place because I was going by the wrong set of markers the first time, but the skewer was rather easily rolled over to the proper marker.

So, I actually got started today making H.J. Experiment 3, but I should finish up the final copy of our federal taxes tonight. First things first. I have yet to fill out our Ohio tax forms, so I must not sit on my laurels yet. However, today was a GLORIOUSLY GORGEOUS day!


Two Days in April

Besides watching Eureka! episodes the last two days on the Syfy Channel, and finally getting our federal tax forms filled out, whenever I took a break from those activities I pondered just how I could construct a form to accept magnets such as are pictured on pages 21 and 22 in The Secret World of Magnets from Cheniere Press by Howard Johnson.

My magnets are so small that trying to cut wood of the proper shape would be quite tricky. But then, I want to construct a circular track rather than a simple straight path that ends, and this makes things even more complicated. Additionally, I should construct this thing and then figure out the dimensions of the curved magnets that I could order to make a proper test.

Another consideration is that I wish to eventually have kits for sale, so the sizes should be small and eminently reproducible. I recently purchased a small book telling how to cast small rubber and metal parts, so I might consider casting the platform for the magnets in rubber, which makes me want to try a first mock-up using perhaps putty to press the magnets into.

Possibly I should also be looking for smaller wheels on which to build the kits and mock-up, if only because they would require fewer magnets to fill them.

Extra Dreaming and W/E

Sleeping more to avoid smoking I dreamed of Howard Johnson's gate theory and decided it does not work in the round the way I had been testing it, although, I do not have an actual magnet in the proper shape. The two magnets that I made 10 years ago have remade themselves during the 10 years that they sat there exposed to the stationary magnet ring with all its magnets having their south poles facing outward. Those two homemade magnets now have north south poles facing sideways instead of up-down or forward-backwards. I have decided that I should actually get some magnets of the proper shape if I am going to make some proper tests that I can report on.

W./E. directed by Madonna was not the fairy-tale type of story that I had at least half expected in that some reality brought the "party" down compared to what you might have expected of Madonna as a director, and also of the whole Wallis-Edward tale. The last song brought a tear to my eye because I related to it due to my involvement with Shakespeare's masterpieces. I ended up identifying with the contemporary lady in the movie, besides shedding a tear for Wallis and for myself, so the movie worked for me, in other words.

Experiments Photos

Sorry I did not completely and photographically document every experiment so far. My numbering is inadequate because I made many experiments with the same general infrastructure but with magnets moved around on the wheel and for the stator. Here are excerpts of a few configurations that I tested. Even in my notes I did not bother to record every single change that I tested. For example, I had three silicon-steel bands as platforms for multiple arrangements of rotor magnets. Then I have several different shapes of magnets. Please see the previous entry for my tentative conclusion to all my recent H.J. Experiment 2 variations.
The blue platform says it was made in Sweden. I guess the wooden planks with holes came with the platform.

The yellow-green wheel is a plastic hamster wheel and the central screw comes from a set of plastic connectors and tools.

The grey humidifier fan at bottom has a nice bearing at its center, and I put the plug for the humidifier in the photo so you can see it is not plugged into anything. Unfortunately, this morning I discovered the bearing has some extra drag. It has been sitting in our basement for 10 years so I guess that dust finally got to it. Also, I have begun wondering if the motor, magnets and coils surrounding the bearing could interfere with my experiments. I have a bearing on order.

This set-up began with Experiment 1 10 years ago. I had constructed three bases for stator magnets, as Howard Johnson had specified three stator magnet couples in his 1979 patent. I have since removed the wheel from the set-up because all the tape kept catching on the three side platforms.

I was up til 3 a.m. last night. I must have gotten too much caffeine. Yesterday, though, I had attempted to set up cylindrical magnets to test, end-to-end, going around the circumference. I had hoped that two of four polar vortexes would be shorted out, with the north and south other vortexes on adjacent magnets being thoroughly involved with each other, thus creating a one-way spin, approximating a gate.

As I stated earlier, the wheel spun around quite handily when a stator was applied, until I got nearly finished placing the magnets on the circumference, except for occasional tape drag.

You can see here that the wheel is empty inside except for the plastic screw at the center.

Cylinder magnets. I have 25 of these. The index cards I used -- folded up and cut -- as spacers between magnets on the wheel.

Using an analog magnetic field indicator, I found that the one place I had consistent glitches with my set-up came from where the silicon steel bands did not exactly meet at their ends. When I had cut the bands off for placing them on the wheel, the cut ends got bent or were a little too long so I cut a small portion of the ends off, thus creating a small gap for each band.

Now I have moved the longest band down to the bottom position because it would meet itself and removed the other two bands. Unfortunately, when I pulled the bands off the carpet tape the bands were bent and deformed. I suspect I will have to start over with new tape and new banding material. But not today. Today I must get back to taxes. Brass tacks? LOL!
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