WindTapper's Journal - Grassroots Green Energy Projects
Thu 12/31/2009 2:21 PM Taking the Plunge
I ordered a wind velocity meter from because I need to monitor windspeed at all the various points around our house where I think I could tap into wind power energy in order to generate electricity. The device I purchased is on sale right now for some reason. It is the top of the line that this company sells and includes a 48-hour memory. Taking and recording individual windspeed measurements would be virtually useless because wind varies periodically -- as I now see from studying wind a bit over the Internet....
A WindMate 350 should be adequate. It comes with a tri-pod mount and a shut-off of its automatic 5-minute shut-off. I certainly don't want to be limited to metering a location for 5 minutes.My tri-pods will need, also, to be anchored. I'll have to work on that.
This monitoring project calls for me to make a map of our property that has, basically, a grid to which I can pin coordinates for each location that I'll monitor. Lots of Excel charts should be generated, too, for wind varies day-by-day, month-to-month....
I am not so sure that I must monitor wind direction because I assume I'll need to make swivel mounts for the wind tappers. Or rather, I should put the plain across which the tappers operate in line with the prevailaing overall wind flow direction -- that is, the lay of the land is parallel to the plane across which the wind will blow.
The lay of the land, however, is vertical in the case of tapping windflows at building corners....or more or less horizontal at roof peaks. On buildings, in other words, the lay of the land depends on the contours of the building.
Probably, therefore, a second map with building contours and locations should be made, and some sort of linkage to prevailing wind on the ground could be a third diagram....
Wed 12/30/2009 3:24 PM Wind Generator Design Parameters, Broadly Speaking
Our one acre of land lies at the bottom of a hill, just across from a hill on the other side of the road, and has a creek along its 500+ foot length. We have, therefore, comparatively little air movement, overall. However, the creek flows constantly which moves the air above it constantly. Also, being at the bottom of a hill means that anytime there is air that is cooler, it flows downhill. The woods creates cooler air because it is shaded. [Later Note: Having watched my whirligigs spinning over the last 8 months -- as of Sept. 13, 2010 -- I have seen a lot of wind where it seemed there would be little wind.]
Therefore, we need wind turbines that are low to the ground in order to capture the movement transferred to the air by the creek and by the cooler air flowing downhill. Since the wind speed is slight, we must use very lightweight materials. Lightweight wind grabbers also implies small sizes, relatively. We're talking no more than about 3 feet in height. What we lack in massive power we make up for in numbers. I have space for hundreds of small wind grabbers/tappers/trappers: all along the creek and all along the base of the hill.
I need to make the wiring unattractive to petty thievery -- as in non-copper windings and relatively inexpensive magnets. Designing the wiring to link and feed power into our house is another challenge, but I hope to find a recently advertised product that will handle the switching between the electric company's house current and our own homegrown electricity based on how much power we'll generate on our own from my wind-grabbers.
So, you see, we do not have the optimal situation for windmills, yet I believe some specific machines can be designed to generate power on our place. There are lots of special situations for which wind generators could be designed to be appropriate. All along the highways you have relatively constant winds from moving vehicles, for example.
At each corner of your house or any building, you can often notice a breeze because the wind cannot move through the building but collects where it can release its pressure. Some buildings have underground passages that generate constant wind. There is plenty of need for small wind generators, although the generators at the corners of buildings can be longer or taller than the ones I described earlier. However, they needn't necessarily be attached to the house. They can be staked down, grounded, and stacked strategically to take advantage of the wind shear....
Mon 12/28/2009 2:33 PM 4 a.m. Experiment
When I wake up in the middle of the night I don't fight it. I go with the flow. Last night I was finally ready to experiment with the unused, empty plastic water jugs that accumulate under our humidifier. I had been dissecting them in my mind for a couple of days. Now it was finally time to do some physical damage to them.
I kept cutting off relatively small pieces -- which was much easier than I'd imagined it would be -- and imagining the effect of each resultant shape under the effects of wind from various directions. Plus, I was always considering how much needed to be left in order to have a stable and strong enough section to use for attaching it to a center post or other framing.
Finally, I got it pared down to approximately half a bottle, which means I'll have two halves to use as wind tappers, lol...
Oh yes. My imagination has me sewing the parts or tying the parts of these bottles using fishing line which is both lightweight and strong, not to mention inexpensive....
Here are a few of the excess bottles we have. Notice the handles. These are one of the sturdiest parts of the bottles. The bottom is reinforced and the neck is strong.
This is the "famous" Belgian carpet, btw, for which we had to wait months before we could move into our new home.
Next we have the pieces I made last night plus a whole bottle at the upper right. The pieces I made at first are in the middle. I ended up with three halves of bottles when I got done, plus pieces. Imagine trying to put the bottle into a Computer-Aided Drafting program so that one could dissect it virtually. Anyway, each half bottle has a cup-like structure that would catch the wind if mounted properly. Being light weight is a top priority.
Perhaps the two bottle handles can be seen better on the two left-side half-bottles in the next photo:
I am sorry. Those two half-bottles on the left look as though they were whole due to the reflection from the flash on the insides of those bottles. I'll have to keep working on making clearer pictures, but it is now dinner time, so it will have to wait a while....
There are a total of three bottles in the last two photos, above, though half on one is in pieces in the middle of the last two photos. BTW, these are Distilled Water bottles from WalMart. Notice their purple caps.
I have imagined placing a long, thin rod within the handles in order to secure the half-bottles to a wind electric generator, but while trying to imagine how to secure the half-bottles that won't have handles, many possible attachments come to mind. Nothing is fixed, yet, in my mind. There are only possibilities.
I should probably get one of those little wind-speed monitors -- you know, the ones that have little cups on the end of short rods that spin around a centerpost. Then I would have some sort of scientific parameter for the ability of various configurations of wind-tappers to generate electricity, comparatively.
You know I still have to design the copper or other metal wire windings, etc., etc., etc., plus the magnet mountings....Using copper may be unwise because it would be subject to theft for its value.  If each device produces only a little bit of electricity, then a hundred of the little devices may be needed..... A LOT of work remains.... But, as a hobby, it will keep me occupied....and give me some focus for my CAD projects on my own time. (CAD = Computer-Aided Drafting.)
Sun 12/27/2009 2:07 PM Lightweight, Cheap Materials
I have started to conspire to recycle the plastic jugs that our distilled water comes in. I buy them 15 at a time and take them to the recycling place every few months. We use the distilled water in our humidifiers during the winter, you see.
Anyway, in the spirit of Junkyard Wars I am looking to use them in small wind generators of electricity. Since we are going to start the first Computer Graphics course in January, perhaps I'll have access to the computer program for divying up these bottles. I like that I also have graphics capabilities on Blogit....
Take a look at the next big plastic bottle of pop you come across. It's bottom is shaped like a mechanical wheel so that it can be manipulated on the assembly line....
The distilled water jugs have a reinforcing fold across their bottoms which I may use for reinforcing some aspect of my wind thingies....
The round neck with grooves is also sturdy enough to use either as a base or as a lengthening connection of some sort....
If you get any ideas on this, please feel free to share them with me. I should post a picture or two of these jugs to help get you started thinking.
Sat 12/26/2009 2:07 AM New Design in The Wind
I should be careful not to post my new design until I have 1. Figured it Out; and 2. Protected it by patent, although I aim to make something that anyone can build themselves and that does not require making holes in the siding or roof of one's home....
I still like the feel of "Wind Trapper" better than Wind Tapper, even though the Tapper actually makes more sense. "Trapper" is sexier.... I may change my nickname, therefor, but I think I have to wait until this new name is 1-month old, first, according to Blogit rules.
Soon I will assemble our new twirligig souvenir from Islamagorda and post a photo of it....
I might have not taken the whirligig photos I mention in the previous entry, btw.
Fri 12/18/2009 10:37 AM Twirligigs
Writing to you from Ismaladora in the Florida Keys, I am preparing to take photos of two whirligig shops that have tons of those things outside, along the roadside. Of course I am going to steal designs, or ideas, for devices that I will design for my wind experiments.
Maybe in a week or so, I'll post the photos....
I plan to buy at least one whirligig for the purposes of checking out where the most wind is on our property, as well as getting the neighborhood used to the idea of whirligigs in their midsts.
Did you see that commercial for Lego? Father and son, presumably, building a model home together, with the right side having a "wind thingy"! Hooray!
I also saw a set of townhouses that use the painting I approve of. Each house is a different pastel color....with white trim. I can dig it. Can you?
Tue 12/1/2009 9:34 AM Regulations
For decades I labored under the belief that people could easily sell their excess electricity back to the electric company because I had seen a U.S. government document that had a simple diagram for how to wire up an electric meter in order to feed home-based electricity back to the electric company whenever the amount of home-based electricity exceeded the amount of electricity that the home was using.
Years passed and I lost the document number, then more years passed and I could never find the document again even though I had worked in the Government Documents Department of the university library for 8 1/2 years and had kept and created alternative energy bibliographies. Even the document that I contributed to for the State of Ohio was missing from our Archives Department.
Decades later I talked to an electrician who told me that it would be absurd to feed electricity back to the electric company because when there are power outages the electric company workers would then be subject to electrocution. Well, anyway, another problem with the document concerned copyright, I suppose. U.S. government documents are supposed to belong to the people -- we who pay taxes -- who paid for the creation of these documents, EXCEPT when government contracts and proprietary information are involved inside the document.
I finally concluded that somebody caught on to the fact that that simple wiring diagram was published in government documents and had the document recalled. As the person who checked in U.S. Government documents for 8 1/2 years at our library, putting their call numbers on them and tending to them in our book stack shelving areas, I was also aware of how many corrections needed to be made on the order of the Government Printing Office, to renumber or destroy documents that were recalled. I concluded after years of search that this document might have been recalled.
Since I had long ago thrown out the cardfile that contained the energy research citations and I couldn't for the life of me find it in the Government Catalog, I gave up ever finding it.
But lately I heard an advertisement for a gizmo that takes power from both the electric company and the home-based generator, rather than feeding the home-based energy back to the electric company. This would suit me just as well. It was supposed to draw from the electric company whenever the home-based source was insufficient to meet household demand for energy.
This is a product I must search for....
Oh yes. Back to regulations. So anyway, I also had searched for State of Ohio regulations that would allow people to generate their own power and to sell their excess to the electric company. I believe there is NO such animal in the state of Ohio and that each state has its own Public Utility regulations or lack thereof.
Mon 11/30/2009 8:38 AM New Blog
Since I'm "in for a pound" here at Blogit, I may as well use a second space/blog for alternative energy research. Notice my new handle, too -- just created yesterday. I will have to gather up info from some of the various sources I have reported earlier, in other blogs, but that will take a bit of time.
I have other projects going on at the same time, such as getting caught up with stock investing research as well as cleaning house before Christmas. The pre-Christmas house cleaning is as big a deal as Spring Cleaning, too.
But, I'll be back....
OK I came back faster than I thought I would. Some projects I am interested in designing or finding somewhere:
1. Wind-powered yard lights. We live in the country where it is dark at night. We have lots of trees to which I could attach small wind-powered devices. LED lights require little energy. That is one class of devices, appropriate for Christmas decorations, but I would also like to figure out how to power regular yard lights. I hate batteries, btw, so I expect them not to work when the wind isn't blowing.
2. I should perhaps rename this blog as Alternative Energy Gadgets because we have a constantly running creek running nearly 500 feet along one side of our one-acre yard. In addition to the possibility of harnessing the constantly flowing, but small bit of wind that the running water generates, we also have small water power possibilities.
Probably this blog will travel among categories so that it might attract more readers since the "Electronics & Gadgets" category has only one other blog in it, from 2006.... Probably "Journal" will receive it next.
[I was in school Fall Quarter 2009, studying Herman Melville's works, finishing up my BA in English, so there is quite a time gap here regarding energy research. At the end of the quarter I started up the above journal under the title "Alternative Energy Blog" at Another blog was called "WindTapper's Journal" and I will add it next, although it ran concurrently. I am not sure how I'll handle the overlapping dates.]
Thu 9/10/2009 11:25 a.m. Dear Fawn Twins
Ta-Da! So close to the house, they only came so close together for a brief time, but they continuously ate the Gill-O'er-The-Ground aka Ground Ivy, during most of the time I took 43 pix. 13 of the pix follow. They were all taken through the screen of our bathroom window. Some of the photos were contrast-enhanced and/or cropped by Picasa3. All are Copyright © 2009 by WindTapper.
Thu 9/10/2009 11:20 a.m. Dear Fawn Twin -- So Close!
On its way toward our rhubarb plants....
Thu 9/10/2009 11:18 a.m. Dear Fawn Twins
Very close to the house now. Any closer and I'll have to get a step stool to look down on them....
Thu 9/10/2009 11:15 a.m. Dear Faun Munches Mystery Sapling
The dirty fawn twin reaches over to take a bite out of the tree I've failed to identify so far. [I think that our herbal medicine teacher at the university guessed it is a Hickory.] It is a sapling that grows too close to the house -- at the end of the floor drain for our basement after I ended the drain's connection to our neighboring creek, that is.
Thu 9/10/2009 11:08 a.m. Dear Fawn Listening
I started making squeaking noises with my mouth so the deer would look up and I could photograph their lovely doe eyes.
It keeps looking and listening, trying to figure out where the noise -- which sounds like a bird, after a while -- is coming from....
I guess this is the other twin.
Thu 9/10/2009 11:04 a.m. Dear Fawn Behinds
Thu 9/10/2009 11:02 AM Fawn Scratching Its Ear
The other twin approaches our young rhubarb plant and rejects eating it, but along the way it had to scratch its ear....
Thu 9/10/2009 10:58 a.m. Dear Fawn Twins
            This morning as I was in the middle of shampooing some remnant carpet that had been sitting in our garage for a few years, I heard a noise outside the bathroom window. The twin fawns were back grazing by our house without their parents. They got so close to the house at one point I thought I might have to go get a step stool in order to photograph them. These photos were taken through the screen on our window, but didn't turn out too bad. I love digital cameras now. I took 43 pix at no cost! Hurray! I'll be posting some of the best pix now. This first photo is the "dirty" twin just after it checked out the mustard patch, was going past the oregano patch, on its way to the Gill-O'er-The-Ground patch, and toward its sibling twin.
   [Searching my archives of blog entries, I couldn't resist posting these about the deer. At least you'll see that we live an a rural setting that makes it easier to live with whirligigs spinning in the yard. Actually, I hope to build a wind farm that has many small generators, rather than one or two hugely tall windmills.]
Sept. 1, 2009 Our Backyard Grazing Deer
Tue 9/1/2009 5:56 AM "Deer Don't Graze" Photos
I swear that some authority somewhere or other says, "Deer don't graze," but you couldn't prove it by me. Granted, we have a lot of Gill-O'er-The-Ground aka Ground Ivy in our yard that herbals say has Vitamin C in it, but deer graze our backyard nearly twice per day. Last year eight deer were in the group. Pix are coming....
Wed 8/26/2009 10:46 AM Black Walnut Tree Leaves
            A couple entries earlier in this blog and earlier today I displayed cropped, enlarged photos that I took yesterday of a Black Walnut Tree leaf that was hanging by a spider's thread from our Bartlett Pear Tree and spinning like a top while no other leaves were moving much. I was trying to capture its shape although I do not have the technology for "stop-action" still photos presently. All of those photos are blurry. Today I decided to try to find that leaf, which fell off the tree not long after I took the photos.
            As leaves decay they turn brown and shrivel up. I expected this. But I couldn't positively identify which leaf it was. So, I took a sample of leaves and photographed them in order to try to figure out what the original photos could tell me about the leaf's shape. Here are four groups of sampled leaves. The first two are simply different perspectives on the same four leaves. The third photo is the same four leaves turned over.
Wed 8/26/2009 10:17 AM Reflections on M.C. Escher
I was trying to capture a moving image with a still camera. That does not work except as a blur. So, the next best thing is to catch a still photo of a moving image, which the following is. The reflection was shimmering at the time, but here it is still. The shadows reflected are from Black Walnut trees whose branches sprawl above our Bartlett Pear tree, Day Lilies, and bird feeders....The yellowish leaves in our little blue "rain barrel" come from the Black Walnut trees. These spread herbicidal poison which keeps many plants from thriving under Black Walnut trees.
Click once on any photo to enlarge it.
By the way, the scalloped leaves you may notice in the lawn belong to Ground Ivy, mentioned in my "Deer Don't Graze" entry, above.
Wed 8/26/2009 8:34 AM Twirligigs
Shakespeare wrote of the "twirligig of time", delivered by Feste at the end of Twelfth Night Or What You Will, referring to "revolutions of the sun" of Sonnet 59, too -- each set of four seasons counting one year.
            Yesterday we had a twirligig Black Walnut leaf, seemingly hung by a spider's thread. Without a video camera I can't show you the motion, but while most other leaves of its environment were relatively still, this leaf spun and spun and spun. So I wanted to record its shape as a possible shape to apply to wind energy technological devices I may build some day.
            The leaf is gone now, fallen, and probably dried up some more so that its shape is no longer the same. All I have are eight photos which I cropped and enlarged, but one photo still needs help so it is not here yet. The average person would naturally say that all these photos are out of focus, but the problem with them is that they are photos of a spinning leaf. To my knowledge this digital camera doesn't have settings on it which would freeze-frame this leaf, so I'll have to be content with looking for some way to enhance these moving images. "Twirl 4" was too light so I took it into MGI PhotoSuite to darken it, but I can't find that photo to display it. I'll try harder to do that, but the photo may be a total loss, anyway.
Twirl 4 color enhance in MGI Photosuite comes out as: 
To the left is color enhance #2 of Twirl 4.
I wonder whether the leaf is changing shape as it spins -- reacting to wind coming from a single direction? Or is it just our perspective that changes?
OK, Twirl 4 color enhance -2.jpg:
More pix:
Twirl 5 on the left:
Twirl 6
Twirl 7
Twirl 8
All eight Twirls are photos of the same spinning Black Walnut leaf. The images are blurry because the leaf spins  quickly.
The leaf's shape fascinated me. I was hoping to learn how to design a turbine blade that could turn on a "whisper."
Thu 8/20/2009 4:20 PM Tornado Watch Today
            One of the things I liked about this neck of the woods of Ohio was that I never heard of tornadoes being here. When I was a baby I slept through a tornado up in Cleveland. Evidence of its passing was a downed tree in our back yard. Other places I could have attended college in Ohio have more tornadoes than here, but today we had a near miss -- or so it seemed according to weather radar.
            A tornado was plotted on the radar to the northwest of us this afternoon and a rotating area was plotted then to the north east of us, but when they played back the radar progression, the purple area disappeared over us and popped up to the east of us again. Talk about a charmed city. I suspect it is the hills, though once I heard of a tornado in West Virginia that touched down near the top of one of their little mountains....
            Anyway, I had brought in all the ladders, drop cloths, scaffolding, and tools prior to the storm and mowed the lawn. I opened windows and doors and the access to the attic, too, in case we got a tornado. The quick drop in air pressure of a tornado makes roofs explode upward, you see, so I guarded against that. The worst of the storm hit us just at the time our tornado watch expired, but as I said, the purple area on the radar was already well past us by then.
            Watching the clouds roiling overhead was a bit dizzying for a while, before the rain finally came. We were in a bit of an eye of the storm for about 20 minutes, when the sun was trying to peek through the clouds, but then the wind, water, and thunder completely washed over us.
            I felt sorry for a deer that had approached our back porch about an hour earlier, looking for food. Its rear right hind leg was uselessly dangling from it and its left hip's skin was gone. Probably it had been hit by a car. I was sorry it had no where to hide from the storm, but then I realized it was at least getting its skin wound cleaned by the rain....It had been near our house in the woods at least since about noon, resting and eating Gill-O'er-The-Ground. The storm hit us at about 6:15 pm.
Later note:
As the storm approached us I saw a wall of water between us and the opposite hill to the north -- across U.S. Rt. 50. Apparently, just north of us folks were hit harder. The electric company men and trucks were working until at least midnight in my area, trying to find what was causing a power blackout. We have so many trees around here, and hills. They went all around our neighborhood but didn't seem to have much luck locating the cause of the problem. I heard one lightning strike and one seeming power transformer blow up during the storm, but all we lost was our street light which usually lights up our back yard. I was out at midnight, trying to replace regular lightbulbs in our backyard lights with fluorescent bulbs in order to light things up for the workmen, but one guy said our missing street light was not the problem. I should study electricity more. Transformers are a mystery to me, apparently....
Wed 8/19/2009 10:45 AM Scraping Paint
Sheet after sheet of latex paint rolls off our house and my wide putty knife as I prepare to paint two walls on our house this summer. At this rate I'm not going to get done by the time school starts, however. I felt a wave of moisture coming off the hill this morning which may explain why the paint comes off in sheets on that end of the house. Let's see now. Four or more septic systems flow off that hill, adding to natural runoff....
            As I work and work today I'm imagining what I would do with a grant of money to work on energy research. I wish to set up a factory in our little Appalachian town to make Johnson magnetic motor generators so individual families could generate their own electricity without polluting the atmosphere. Jobs for Appalachia, clean energy for the planet, energy independence and money-savings for individual families trying to make ends meet when it comes to paying electric bills, and maybe charging their GM cars next year.... That's what I dream about....
            I'd like to put up a building right here on our one acre plot of land for building prototypes for later mass production, advertising, marketing, and development.....I wish I had enough money to start an engineering firm for this purpose. I'll be taking Industrial Systems Engineering courses, after Industrial Technology courses, though I've already sat through some Systems Analysis on Mind Extension University out in Loveland, Colorado, when I worked at the Hewlett Packard plant as a Temp.
            Factory work can sometimes be the most lucrative, rewarding, productive, and absorbing work there is. I've worked in four factories, lots of other places, and had 10 home businesses, not counting blogging--which I did 2002-2010 on
Tue 8/11/2009 10:56 a.m. Home-Based Algae Farm?
            What can you do with algae? Make dung-pies for cooking tortillas, lol?
Our new natural gas furnaces all have their exhaust piped out the back of the building, at a low level. That makes the exhaust available for some sort of algae-growing contraption in the back yard. I'll have to look into what algae can be used for....
            Then there is the problem of how to avoid the exhaust while feeding it to the algae. Problem after problem...
I'll get back to you after I've searched for uses of algae....
Here's a nifty site: Oilgae;
            From there I got to making your own bio-diesel at home. For only $2995 you can make bio-diesel at 70 cents per gallon. That would be nifty if it were true. I think it has something to do with algae but I'm not sure. Sign-up for workshops is advertised. Hmmm. Two in Terre Haut, Indiana. Hmmm.... See
            Ooops. The Terre Haut, IN events are not workshops -- they are sales displays, and the fuel is not algae but used oil from restaurants. It sure is easy to get off on the wrong track, though if you could make diesel from algae, it might pay to buy a diesel vehicle after all....--except for the CO produced -- again....
Tue 8/11/2009 10:22 a.m. Energy Brainstorming
            Trying to figure out what a viable world of the future would contain in the way of technology I see need for engineers to develop either algae-based or "that rock from Oman"-based devices for sucking up CO. I'd like to see such projects developed not only for the large coal-fired power plants, but also for individual homes that heat with natural gas and fuel-oil. Hydrogen-based heating plants as well as solar and wind-powered plants remove the need for algae and that-rock-from-Oman, too.
            Additionally, I wonder whether somebody could develop a pipeline that sucks up all that muck which threatens to release methane when the earth's climate gets too warm. There is plenty of that stuff available to make methane.... We could have pipelines going to Europe, Scandanavia, England, Iceland, as well as Canada and the U.S. to utilize the potential methane source which could then be used in such a way that the CO is safely used or locked-up....Perhaps I'm working on a sci-fi scenario....How to contain the methane-rich muck if the temperature gets too warm? Cover it over? How big of an area are we talking about?
            And what about that hydrogen-sulfur smell off the east coast of southern Africa that I saw on TV? What is all that caused by? Overfishing? Fish die-off? Isn't that like the smell you'd get when the methane gets released up north? Are we too late to save our planet's climate and eco-system?
Weds July 18, 2009 "Sustainability"
            This word "sustainability" probably means different things to different people. To some, it would seem to mean "affordable within foreseeable budget constraints." To others such as myself who look at the bigger picture -- our place in the world -- it means "environmentally friendly." (This entry is a response to an email sent out to members of the OU Community seeking qualified volunteers for a committee on "sustainability." Since I don't have the sender's permission to reprint the email, you'll just have to imagine what it says. Sorry, folks.)
            Since our university burns coal in its heating plant (Ohio University, Athens, Ohio), there is no way our university can be considered "environmentally friendly." Being in Appalachia, I suppose, we could claim that because we are in a poor area, we'll just have to make do with our limited resources, and, after all, mining coal means jobs for coal miners -- doesn't it? Well, sure, but not many university administrators frequent places where they would meet-up with coal miners who are dying from black lung, much less meet the actually poor offspring of miners killed in accidents on the job. Those kids probably can't afford to go to college, if you know what I mean....
             Rather than travel down this negative road any further, we should perhaps be thinking outside the box of the current budget. We should be advocating for alternative energy and looking for grants that would allow our university to set up a wind farm. That is what I think of when I hear the word "sustainability" -- not how the rules for joining such a taskforce on sustainability could be manipulated so that only politicos who know which side their bread is buttered on could possibly hope to be selected to serve on it.
             We have a three-story escalator system that runs all the time. It is relatively new to our campus and is a great convenience, but is it sustainable? The money for electricity which it costs would perhaps not be so huge if we produced our own electricity....That one building alone -- the building with the three-story escalator that runs all the time -- that one building alone was some $1 million dollars over budget in one year. Think about it. Is this building sustainable without a major overhaul to our energy system? And, last I heard, each windmill does not cost $1 million dollars to install.... 
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